BVI News

COMMENTARY: Why BVI, other West Indian countries stuck in ‘developing’ status

By Dickson Igwe, Contributor

Most Caribbean countries, including the British Virgin Islands, possess three economic idiosyncrasies that lock West Indian jurisdictions into perpetual developing status, and the threat of systemic poverty.

These are three economic weaknesses: hurdles that must be surmounted before true social and economic resilience, and prosperity, can be achieved.

Then, there is furthermore, the added matter of the culture of the region. The unique culture of West Indians cannot be ignored. The Caribbean possesses a unique matrix of traditions and customs that are part of its tragic history, and a past rooted in the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade. Is there a ‘values and culture’ component to slow economic growth in the region?

West Indians are naturally laid back and musical. The culture is religious and family oriented. Is there something in the cultures of the region that is anathema to a world that is aggressively competitive and super materialistic? This is a question worth pondering as the region grapples with recession and stagnant economic activity.

First ‘weakness’

Now, the first economic weakness is the fact that Caribbean economies are single product economies mainly, dependent upon one source of income- which is today tourism- for their livelihoods and existence: GDP. This is a monoculture economy, a dependency on a single fragile industry and market.

It is unhealthy, creating a complete dependency on foreign organizations and markets for economic survival. Then, tourism is becoming more competitive worldwide. Countries everywhere are finding tourism a great source of additional income that increases GDP. These countries are venturing into a trillion dollar market of travellers and sun seekers. Most of these new entrants into tourism possess diverse economies.


Tourism is simply another source of national income: an additional source, not the only source as it is with Caribbean countries. A number of Caribbean countries further depend on offshore financial services. However, apart from solid investment products such as insurance, credit, bank loans, and investment funds, the panoply of ‘’mysterious’’ financial products remain vulnerable to allegations of money laundering, tax evasion, and tax avoidance, and are increasingly prescribed by regulators and officials in powerful nations, with a disposition towards progressive type politics.

The UK, a bastion for free trading economies – post-Margaret Thatcher – may shortly join the lineup of socialist-oriented European Economies – if Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour Party is elected in a matter of months. These countries despise offshore economies. They view countries such as the Cayman Islands and the British Virgin Islands as a major source of economic evil, enabling the wealth inequality driving populist anger on the European street.

Dependency on foreign direct investment

Then, and second, Caribbean economies are hugely dependent on foreign direct investment – FDI. This places these jurisdictions under the diktat of Jack the Wealthy investor who controls global finance, and the institutions that manage global finance, such as the Federal Reserve, the European Central bank, stocks and commodities markets, and global banks. Jack the Investor guarantees the existence of these super institutions that govern the global economy through their access to his incredible wealth.

Global institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank are designed to ensure Jack’s bottom line is protected, not any altruistic empathy towards poor Caribbean countries. So, when indebted countries ‘flat-line financially’, austerity is the single way to squeeze these countries ‘back to life’ for the benefit of Jack’s investment portfolio.

Region controlled by US, western European investor

The interest on debt must be paid first and foremost, or these debtor countries will go into financial pariah status and will be unable to borrow cash cheaply in global financial markets.

The Caribbean economy is controlled by the US and Western European investor. The tourism infrastructure is driven by corporations sitting in the great global capitals: New York, Toronto, London, Miami, Hong Kong, Berlin, and Paris.

The global hotel chains, tech businesses, and the major stock market listed corporations, all possess powerful footprints in the Caribbean through both direct investment, and the flow of cash into the region from wealthy investors, consumers, and travellers.

To be continued

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  1. Elijah says:

    As I drive through our capital past our poorly maintained schools and burning dump, I think it is fair to say that we fallen behind in the last 10 years. We are no longer a “developing country” but truly a third world underdeveloped country.
    We don’t have the processes in place to be considered a developing country. Our leaders don’t even practice due diligence in spending our money. And they don’t have a plan much less a vision for taking us forward.
    Some might consider us a banana republic but we don’t even have bananas.
    (“In economics, a banana republic is a country with an economy of state capitalism, by which economic model the country is operated as a private commercial enterprise for the exclusive profit of the ruling class. Such exploration is enabled by collusion between the ministers and the state favored monopolies in which the profit derived from the private exploration of public lands is private property while the debts incurred thereby are the responsibility of the public treasury.”)

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  2. Kahil says:

    We desperately need constitutional reform. Our liberal democracy isn’t working.

    Our current elected officials are incapable of addressing basic issues such as health, education, and infrastructure. Instead they have played us to outside monied interests. They have given away the rights to exploit our land that will permanently change our national character. They haven’t put forward a vision much less a simple plan for our future.

    For example, ask the man on the street what those important words are on our national flag mean. 999 out of 1,000 people today think the word is vigilante. Take a closer look – the word is VIGILATE, which means means “to monitor, watch over” Now is the time for us to understand and act on its meaning.

    We need more leaders like Mrs. Luce Hodge Smith. Leaders that understand our culture. Leaders who listen to us. Leaders who understand who we are and what we need and how we can achieve our potential. We need leaders who understand our culture.

    It’s time for a change

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